There are different types of birthstones which represent different months of a year. There is a specific stone for individuals who are born in a particular month, and it is usually called as their birthstone. They come in a plethora of colours and textures, which have different meanings and connotations. There is a history of every stone and how and when they were first originated. In the earlier times, scholars were of the opinion that people are supposed to wear different stones every month. However, a trader of gems and precious stones started selling gemstones according to the birth month of every person. It was the time of the early eighteenth century.

These stones are minerals in their characteristics and occur naturally, rock solid with a precise chemical composition in them. Now, let us discuss the specified birthstones of each month!

January Birthstone: Garnet
February Birthstone: Amethyst
March Birthstone: Aquamarine
April Birthstone: Diamond
May Birthstone: Emerald
June Birthstone: Pearl or Alexandrite
July Birthstone: Ruby
August Birthstone: Peridot
September Birthstone: Sapphire
October Birthstone: Tourmaline or Opal
November Birthstone: Topaz or Citrine
December Birthstone: Tanzanite, Zircon or Turquoise

January Birthstone: Garnet

Garnet is the birthstone of people born in the month of January and is one of the oldest stones known to humankind. However, despite its age, it remains one of the chicest and most sophisticated looking of all. Garnet literally refers to a deep red colour which is also the colour of the stone. It is also sometimes depicted as a seed of a pomegranate fruit as they quite resemble each other. People go bonkers about this stone because of its universality to go with any type of jewellery which is appreciated by ladies a lot. These are found in the sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rocks. There are many grades of the Garnet stone which is employed for different uses. Usually, the highest grade stone is used in making jewellery.

Category Nesosilicate
Formula
(repeating unit)
The general formula X3Y2(SiO4)3
Crystal system Isometric
Colour virtually all colours, blue very rare

Jewellery with Garnet Gemstone

February Birthstone: Amethyst

Amethyst is the identification of February born individuals. The word denotes the meaning which is intoxication. It was believed in the ancient period that wearing Amethyst could protect an individual from getting drunk. Also, it was believed that it could remove the bad habit of drinking alcohol once they started wearing this stone. Amethyst is derived from quartz which is quite a common mineral on earth and can be easily found on white sand beaches. When there are specific contaminations in quartz, it then gives birth to that deep purple colour which is further known to us as Amethyst. This stone shines brightly on the crowns of many leaders and symbolizes royalty. This is a stone which provides the status of being rich and wealthy.

Category oxide mineral
Formula(repeating unit) Silica (silicon dioxide, SiO2)
Crystal system Trigonal
Crystal class Trapezohedral (32)
Colour Purple, violet

Jewellery with Amethyst Birthstone

March Birthstones: Aquamarine & Bloodstone

Aquamarine is one of the most stunning and buoyant stones, and it means blue sea. The colour of the stone gives it this name. In earlier times, it was used by sailors to protect them from the harsh sea. It is made up of a rare material known as Beryl and is quite uncommon to find. Beryl can be found in different colours, and each of them is named differently to give them their own identity. Emerald is the most widely known Beryl which is greenish in colour.

aquamarine stone
Source: Flickr.com
Category Cyclosilicate
Formula(repeating unit) Be3Al2(SiO3)6
Crystal system Hexagonal
Colour Green, blue, yellow, colourless, pink and occasionally others

Bloodstone is also a stone worn by people born in March. It is a dark green coloured stone with hints offered spots which resembles blood, thus, the name. Hence, these two are the main stones which depict the people born in March.

Bloodstone Birthstone
Source: pixabay.com
Category Mineral
Formula(repeating unit) SiO2
Crystal system Trigonal
Colour Green with red or yellow spots

Jewellery with Aquamarine & Bloodstone Birthstones

April Birthstone: Diamond

Diamond adorns the people born in the month of April. A diamond is the most prevalent of all the birthstones. Most of the people have heard of it or even own one. It is as familiar a name as gold or silver. But that does not take away the exclusivity quotient which comes with a diamond. These are the most expensive stones in the world because they are the rarest find. It is challenging to find one in mines or other places as compared to the other stones. They are very hard like steel which gives them the rigidity proportion. It’s not possible to break a diamond because of the chemical bond between its particles. Colorless diamonds are the most exclusive ones in the world because they are very rare to find and most of the diamonds usually have a hint of colour to them.

Diamond Birthstone of April
Source: pixabay.com
Category Native minerals
Formula(repeating unit) C
Crystal system Cubic
Colour Typically yellow, brown, or gray to colorless. Less often blue, green, black, translucent white, pink, violet, orange, purple, and red.

May Birthstone: Emerald

Emerald is the green coloured stone which portrays the people born in the month of May. This is also a Beryl and is heated to provide it with that deep green colour as a naturally deep green Emerald is tough to find. The “big three” stones which have the most economic transactions are Emerald, Ruby, and Sapphire. These sell the most around the world.

Category Beryl variety
Formula(repeating unit) Be3Al2(SiO3)6
Crystal system Hexagonal
Colour Green shades to colorless

June Birthstones: Pearl

Pearl rules the month of June and means the leg silhouette of a shell. These are not conventionally a stone as they are formed by living things, i.e., mollusks. These days, pearls are made by human intervention by introducing a grain of sand to the mollusks which then creates a pearl. But, natural pearls can still be found near beaches.

Pearl of april
Source: pixabay.com
Category Carbonate mineral, protein
Formula(repeating unit) CaCO3
Crystal system Orthorhombic
Colour white, pink, silver, cream, brown, green, blue, black, yellow, orange, gold, purple, iridescent

Oysters and mollusks form mother of pearl or Nacre. It has a sharply contrasting colour to it, unlike regular pearl which is uniform and even.

Moonstone is a moon-like gem which is found around the world. They are used for making jewellery. The worth of a moonstone varies with its colour, i.e., a transparent moonstone is more valuable than the others.

Alexandrite is also a May stone and is a rare breed. It is not a Beryl sourced mineral but has its own composition. These stones can change in colour when subjected to different lights. This is known as the “Alexandrite effect.”

July Birthstone: Ruby

Ruby is one of the most spectacular gemstones available in the world and is deep red in colour. The best source of Ruby is Burma, and it represents life and blood. This stone is believed to increase bravery and was used by warriors to protect them in the theatre of war.

Ruby
Source: Pixaway.com
Category Oxide mineral variety
Formula(repeating unit) Al2O3:Cr
Crystal system Trigonal
Colour Near colorless through pink through all shades of red to a deep crimson

August Birthstones: Peridot

Peridot is the stone which adorns the people born in the month of August.It is a green coloured stone, and it means to give abundantly. The primary source of this stone is the state of Hawaii. It is made up of olivine material and is found in igneous rocks.

Peridot August Birthstone
Source: pixabay.com
Category Silicate mineral variety
Formula(repeating unit) (Mg, Fe)2SiO4
Crystal system Orthorhombic
Colour Yellow, to yellow-green, olive-green, to brownish, sometimes a lime-green, to emerald-ish hue

Spinelis a beautiful piece of gem found in mines. Natural spinel is widely available at reasonable prices and range of colours. It can suit any jewellery type which makes it a great option.

Category Oxide minerals
Formula(repeating unit) MgAl2O4
Crystal system Cubic
Colour Various; red, pink, blue, lavender/violet, dark green, brown, black, colourless

Sardonyx is a red coloured stone which is for August born individuals. It depicts and means a fingernail due to its shape.

Category Oxide mineral
Formula(repeating unit) SiO2
Crystal system Hexagonal/Trigonal
Colour Various

September Birthstone: Sapphire

Sapphire is a type of corundum and has a deep blue colour. The word in itself means blue stone. It is harder than the other gemstones which increase its reliability quotient. It won’t easily break or get scratched. Kashmir is the hub of blue sapphires.

Sapphire Gems
Source: Pixabay.com
Category Oxide mineral
Formula(repeating unit) Al2O3
Crystal system Trigonal
Colour Typically blue, but varies

October Birthstones: Tourmaline & Opal

Tourmaline is for all the folks born in October. It is not made up of a single material but many materials and a contrast of colours. It is found near the metaphoric and sedimentary rocks.

Category Cyclosilicate
Formula(repeating unit) (Ca,K,Na,[])(Al,Fe,Li,Mg,Mn)3(Al,Cr, Fe,V)6
(BO3)3(Si,Al,B)6O18(OH,F)4
Crystal system Trigonal
Colour Most commonly black, but can range from colorless to brown, red, orange, yellow, green, blue, violet, pink, or hues in between; can be bi-colored, or even tri-colored; rarely can be neon green or electric blue

Opal is a stone which changes its colour every time you spin one which makes it very interesting.

Category Mineraloid
Formula(repeating unit) SiO2·nH2O
Crystal system Amorphous
Colour Colorless, white, yellow, red, orange, green, brown, black, blue, pink

November Birthstones: Yellow Topaz & Citrine

Yellow Topaz is yet another predominant stone available in the market. Topaz is a common November birthstone and comes in many shades of yellow. The impurities present around the gems is the reason for the colour of most of the gems like topaz. Like other gems, pure topaz is colourless and rare to find.

Category Nesosilicate minerals
Formula (repeating unit) Al2SiO4(F,OH)2
Crystal system Orthorhombic
Colour Colorless (if no impurities), blue, brown, orange, gray, yellow, green, pink and reddish pink

Citrine is another stone which also has a yellowish colour. It can be confused with brown, golden, green or even orange colour. It takes inspiration from the citron fruit and some species of birds.

December Birthstones: Tanzanite, Turquoise & Blue Zircon

Tanzanite is not quite as widespread as the others but has a unique charm to it. It has a thick blue colour and is only found in Tanzania. It is the newest gem known to humans as it was found in the year of 1967.

Category Sorosilicate: zoisite variety
Formula (repeating unit) (Ca2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)O(OH)) + (Cr,Sr)
Crystal system Orthorhombic
Colour Blue, Violet

Turquoise is known for its green and blue coloured appearance. It does not glow as much as the others as it is an opaque and rough stone.

Category Phosphate minerals
Formula (repeating unit) CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8·4H2O
Crystal system Triclinic
Colour Turquoise, blue, blue-green, green

Blue Zircon is not heard of by most people and can be found in many different colours. The unsurpassed blue coloured stone award goes to Zircon as it beats even Sapphire in the terms of its refractive index. A brown zircon is heated at a certain temperature to provide it with that blue colour.

Category Nesosilicates
Formula (repeating unit) ZrSiO4
Crystal system Tetragonal
Colour Reddish brown, yellow, green, blue, gray, colorless; in thin section, colorless to pale brown

 

Buy December Birthstones Jewellery

Data Source: https://en.wikipedia.org

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